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The Klein Karoo may initially appear bleak, but it not only supports the biggest variety of succulent plants in the world, it also produces some of the best wines. This fascinating part of South Africa is where you'll find the Cango Caves, a truly spectacular natural wonder.

The Klein or Little Karoo in the Western Cape is a long valley that lies between the Swartberg and Langeberg mountain ranges. As it's name suggests, this area is the smaller sibling of the Great Karoo, to its north. 

It has a wide variety of accommodation and activities and is one of the most unique and beautiful parts of South Africa, sandwiched between impressive mountains that offer ever-changing vistas.

The region stretches from De Rust in the east and Barrydale in the west and includes the towns of Calitzdorp, Ladismith and Oudtshoorn, the last being famous as a host for the annual national Afrikaans arts festival, the KKNK, and its role in the history of ostrich farming. 

Because of its climate the Klein Karoo is an interesting wine producing area and vineyards that provide for a variety of quality of wines, not least the fortified wines like muscadel that do well in this sunny region. 

One of the most interesting natural attractions is the Cango Caves, about 30km outside Oudtshoorn. This cave system was formed by rainwater eroding rock and limestone over 20 million years. 

The caves and its gigantic stalactites and stalagmites were proclaimed an historical monument in 1938 and it is one of the worlds leading show caves, attracting thousands of local and international visitors.

The Cango Caves lie in the foothills of the Swartberg which is also the location for one of the most scenic and awe-inspiring drives in South Africa, the Swartberg Pass that connects Oudtshoorn with Prince Albert in the Great Karoo. Not for the faint--hearted, be prepared to navigate switchback bends on a narrow gravel road, and to be rewarded with views to match 

Another equally spectacular drive is through Meiringspoort which winds its way through a narrow gorge delivering lovely views of the rock formations typical of the Cape folded mountains.

The area also has beautiful wilderness areas, including the Gamkaskloof and Aynsberg provincial nature reserves where semi-desert flora, including special succulents, and fauna, like the Cape mountain leopard, can be found.